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The Five Characteristics of Successful Innovators

There is not much agreement about what makes an idea innovative, and what makes an innovative idea valuable. For example, discussions on whether the internet is a better invention than the wheel are more likely to reveal personal preferences than logical argumentation. Likewise, experts disagree on the type and level of innovation that is most beneficial for organizations. Somestudiessuggest that radical innovation (which does sound sexy) confers sustainable competitive advantages, butothersshow that “mild” innovation – think iPhone 5 rather than the original iPhone – is generally more effective, not least because it reduces market uncertainty. There is also inconclusive evidence on whether we should pay attention to consumers’ views, with somestudiesshowing that a customer focus is detrimental for innovation because it equates to playing catch-up, butothersarguing for it. Even Henry Ford’s famous quote on the subject – “if I had asked people what they wanted, they would have said fast…

Economy improved on all parameters in 17 months: Modi

PM says govt's black money initiatives tracked Rs 10,500 cr stashed abroad

Modi, Delhi Economics Conclave
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Friday said the economy had performed better on all parameters, including inflation and foreign investment in the past 17 months and laid stressed on effecting inclusive reforms to improve people’s lives, rather than only grabbing headlines.

He also said the government’s efforts to bring back black money stashed abroad had detected as much as Rs 10,500 crore.
“India today is doing better than it was when we took office 17 months ago. GDP (gross domestic product) growth is up and inflation is down, foreign investment is up and CAD (current account deficit) is down, revenues are up... the fiscal deficit is down and the rupee is stable. Obviously, this did not happen by accident... This success is a result of a series of well-thought policies,” he said.
Terming reforms to transform India as “a marathon and not a sprint”, Modi said such measures should aim at improving the lives of people.
“My appeal to all of you is to think beyond conventional remedies. We should not limit our ideas of reforms to few standard notions. Our idea of reform should be inclusive and broad-based. The goal of reform is not better headlines in big papers but better lives for our people,” he said while inaugurating the Delhi Economics Conclave, 2015, being attended by economists from India and abroad.
The prime minister further said the government’s JAM (Jandhan, Aadhar and Mudra) initiatives were all about “achieving maximum values for every rupee spent, maximum empowerment and maximum technology penetration among the masses.”



On the various macro-economic initiatives of the government, Modi said: “We have embarked on a course of fiscal consolidation. We have entered for the first time into a monetary framework agreement with the Reserve Bank to curb inflation.”
As regards the corruption issue, he said the government had taken “decisive steps” to curb the menace that constrained growth.
These initiatives included reforms in the working of the state-owned banks, removal of discretion in allocation of key resources like coal, spectrum, FM radio, etc, doing away with the interviews for lower-level jobs and introduction of electronic filing and scrutiny of tax returns, he said.
Talking about the illicit funds stashed abroad, Modi said: “Our campaign against tax evasion and money laundering is well known. Rs 6,500 crore was assessed before the new black money Act was implemented. Additionally, over Rs 4,000 crore has been declared under the new Act. Thus, over Rs 10,500 crore of black money from abroad has been detected and assessed.” He further said the tax department took steps to facilitate electronic return filing, which at present covers 85 per cent of assessees.
“Earlier, electronic returns had to be followed by paper verification which took weeks to be processed. This year, we introduced e-verification using Aadhaar and over 4 million taxpayers availed of this facility,” he said, adding 91 per cent of electronic returns were processed and 90 per cent of the refunds were issued within 90 days.
“I have asked the income-tax department to move to a system where not only returns but also scrutiny is done without having to go to the office. Queries will be raised and answered on line or by email. There should be a visible electronic trail of what is pending with whom, where and for how long. This is being piloted in five big cities,” he said.

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